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Neuro Opthalmology

What is Neuro Opthalmology?

When neurological problems related to eye are taken care of, its referred to as Neuro Opthalmology. We are aware about the working of the eye. The visuals captured by the human eye is transmitted to the brain through the optic nerve. Any problem with this nerve may lead to impairment in the vision. It can further lead to permanent blindness as well.

neuro opthalmology surgery and treatment

Problems related to Neuro Opthamology

  • Difficulty in vision all of a sudden
  • Recurring headaches and seeing double things
  • Photophobia(difficulty in seeing the light)
  • Impairment of vision to particular colors like red or greens
  • Abnormal eye movements
  • Eyelid abnormalities
  • Unequal pupil size
  • Transient visual loss
  • Thyroid eye disease

Common Conditions Related to Neuro Opthamology

Giant Cell Arteritis

Also known as temporal arteritis is a chronic inflammation of the lining of medium and large sized arteries which if left untreated can also lead to blindness. This defect in the eye is more prominent amongst people around 70 and very rarely below the age of 50. Usually when you have blurred vision, scalp tenderness, jaw pain, stiffness or pain in the neck, hip, or arms and unexplained weight loss, then it signifies to this condition called Giant Cell Arteritis.

Bell's Palsy

When there is a disorder in the facial nerve, it leads to partial paralysis on one side of the face thereby affecting the facial expressions. Inability to smile on one side, close one eyelid completely, decreased tear production, blurred vision and distorted hearing are the symptoms which points towards Bell's palsy.

Multiple Sclerosis

This is a condition where antibodies are produced in the body which by mistake attack the myelin sheath protecting the nerve tissue which lead to gradual loss of muscle control, strength, and vision. Loss of some or all vision, double vision, blurred vision, pain in the eye etc are some of the symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis and an immediate diagnosis with the doctor is required.

Optic Neuritis

This is a serous condition in the eye which is characterized by the inflammation of the optic nerve which in turn is responsible to transmit the vision received by the eye to be interpreted by the brain.Hence if this nerve is damaged it can seriously affect the vision. Blurred or dim vision, abnormal color vision, or pain in the back of the eye socket are some of the symptoms which characterize this situation.

Any neuro problem related to the eye, must be catered and related to the doctor immediately for proper vision. Any delay and negligency in this can be serious for your vision.

"Optic Neuritis affects women more than men and is generally associated with lesions in the brain and the spinal cord."